About China and Its Church

 

China Partner is learning and educating individuals outside of Mainland China about China’s culture and policies, the Chinese Church, and how to partner with God’s work there.

Since the first church reopened in Ningbo, China in 1979, churches in China have experienced phenomenal growth. 

Our aim is to build bridges of understanding and partnership between the Chinese Church and individuals outside of Mainland China by providing current and accurate information about the Chines Church. 

 

Church in China

 

  • The Chinese Constitution guarantees religious freedom since 1981

  • First church re-opened in Ningbo, China in 1979

  • The first Theological Seminary re-opened in Nanjing in 1981  

  • In 1950 there were approximately 700,000 Christians in China 

  • As of January 2017, Amity Printing Co. has printed more than 159 million Bibles in China* 

  • There are 22 theological schools with 3,700 registered students in China** 

  • There are 60,000 registered churches and meeting points** 

  • There are 57,000 pastoral personnel of registered churches and 200,000 preachers and lay-workers**

  • The above figures do not include the many unregistered churches (example: house churches and urban churches) that exist in China today 

  • Many Christians attend both unregistered and registered churches 

  • Bibles and Christian literature can be openly bought in churches, a few existing Christian book stores and online

*Based on Amity Printing Co. in Nanjing 

**Based on information given by China Christian Council in 2016

 

China as of 2015

Population:

1,360,000,000 people 

43% of population, 590,000,000 are under the age of 30 

55% live in urban areas  

Economy: 

World’s largest exporter since 2010 

World’s 2nd largest importer 

World largest economy since 2014

Society: 

91.6% Han Chinese 

56 recognized minority groups, largest minority group: Zhuang 

95% literacy rate, 99% under 25 

cell phone users: 94 out 100 

Internet users:  46% of population  

Environment: 

Number 1 producer and consumer of electricity in the world 

About 67% of electricity produced from fossil fuels 

Imroved air quality since 2011 and dropped out of top 10 most poluted countries

Religion: 

22% folk religion 

18% Buddhist

5% Christian

52% no religion

* Facts taken from UN, CIA and WHO web page 

 

China's Next Generation 

EDUCATION

Chinese students in Shanghai ranked #1 in reading, math and science scores in the Program for International Assessment results of 2012

[theguardian, “Pisa 2012 results”, Dec 3, 2013] 

 

99% of Chinese youth (15-24) are literate 

[Unicef, “China-Statistic”, Dec 24, 2013]

 

9 years of education is mandatory by Chinese law since 1986 - six years of primary education, and three years of secondary education

[University of Michigan, “Comparing US and Chinese Public School Systems”] 

 

70% approx. of students who finish middle school go on to highschool 

[Hechingered.org “A day in the life of Chinese students”, May 12, 2011] 

 

[Hechingered.org “A day in the life of Chinese students”, May 12, 2011] 

 

The gaokao, or college entrance examination...(that students take) at the end of high school is believed to set the course of one’s life. The score determines not just whether a young person will attend a Chinese university, but also which one — a selection, many Chinese say, that has a crucial bearing on career prospects.

[The New York Times, “Test That Can Determine the Course of Life in China Gets a Closer Examination”, June 30, 2012] 

 

Of the 9.15 million students who took the gaokao this year [2012]; about 75 percent would be admitted to universities in mainland China. (As report by Xinhua, the state news agency). 

[The New York Times, “Test That Can Determine the Course of Life in China Gets a Closer Examination”, June 30, 2012] 

 

This year [2012], there are seven million university slots, two million short of the number of gaokao test takers. 

[The New York Times, “Test That Can Determine the Course of Life in China Gets a Closer Examination”, June 30, 2012] 

 

China now produces eight million graduates a year from universities and community colleges.

[The New York Times “Next Made-in-China Boom: College Graduates” January 16, 2013] 

 

In the last decade, China doubled the number of colleges and universities, to 2,409.

[The New York Times “Next Made-in-China Boom: College Graduates” January 16, 2013] 

 

ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIORS OF YOUTH

47% of Chinese teens have had suicidal thoughts (19% US) 

37%  of Chinese teens have attempted suicide (14 % US) 

58% do not believe spiritual development is necessary for leading a satisfying life 

53% are certain that God does not exist 

50% approx. report that information on Internet, movies, textbooks has influence over their thoughts and actions 

39% indicate that anyone who gets married should anticipate divorce

[Metadigm Group. (2011). Attitudes and behaviors of youth: a quantitative study. Data Report China] 

 

There were 3.1 million divorces in 2012, a 133 percent increase over 2003. 

Extramarital affairs, domestic violence and poor communication are the top reasons for divorce 

The number of couples seeking divorce has risen for 10 consecutive years 

[China Daily “Govt seeks ways to reverse worrying rise in divorce rate” March 31, 2014] 

 

China was one of the first countries in the world to label "internet addiction" as a clinical disorder posing a major threat to its teenagers. 

[Businessinsider, “Step Inside a Chinese Boot Camp for Teens Who Are Addicted To The Internet”, July 1, 2014] 

 

Many of China's Internet users are considered addicts: They spend roughly 6.13 hours online each day. Approximately 42% of young Chinese considered themselves addicts compared with 18 percent in the United States.

[laowaiblog “China Internet Addiction”, May 25, 2011]

 

Did You Know?

 

  • Chinese Christians can openly live out their faith, attend church and purchase Bibles and other Christian literature? 

  • In 1950 there were approximately 700,000 Christians in China. Today it is estimated that there are more than 50 million Christians?* 

  • In some provinces there are now more Christians than Buddhists? 

  • Children and young people attend Sunday school and/or youth services in China? 

  • As of January 2017 over 159 million Bibles and New Testaments have been legally printed in China?**

*Based on survey results completed in 2008 by the Department of Education of China and China Partner.

**Based on Amity Printing Co. in Nanjing